Regulation at enterprise level
The most significant example of regulation at the enterprise level is the contract signed by an apprentice and an employer, establishing the terms and conditions under which Quality Apprenticeship training takes place. In Fiji, for example, a contract is signed by the apprentice, the employer and the Director of the National Training & Productivity Centre (Fiji National University, 2017).
In Luxembourg, the contract is the subject of the detailed description in the Law on the Reform of Vocational Education and Training (sections 20-40), and the appropriate professional chambers prepare the model contracts. These must be signed by the employer and the apprentice and, where appropriate, by the apprentice’s statutory representatives.
In the United Republic of Tanzania, an apprenticeship contract covers different elements, as presented in box 15.
Box 6: Content of the apprenticeship contract – United Republic of Tanzania
The contract must include:
- Name of the parties entering the agreement
- Applicable law and regulations
- Duration of training
- Training content
- Working/training conditions- wages and allowances, social security coverage, working and training hours, leave entitlements, occupational safety and health
- Roles and responsibilities of the employer, apprentice and education/training institution
- Testing and certification
- Termination of apprenticeship contract
- Probation period
- Dispute settlement
In Morocco, the apprentice and the employer also sign the contract (box 16).
Box 7: Content of the apprenticeship contract – Morocco
The apprenticeship contract includes the following:
- The identity, age and address of the contracting parties
- The field of activity of the host enterprise
- The number of employees in the enterprise
- The number of apprentices trained in the company
- The trade or qualification for which the apprentice will be trained
- The duration of the apprenticeship;
- The trial period
- The period during which the apprentice undertakes to remain with the enterprise after the apprenticeship
- The identity of the in-company mentor.1
In Australia, the legal framework underpinning an apprenticeship consists of two documents, a training contract and also a training plan. The former is signed between the apprentice and the employer and the latter between the apprentice and the TVET institution, and details about both can be found in box 17.
Box 8: Training contracts and plans - Australia
What is the training contract?
If you want to do an apprenticeship or traineeship, you will need to sign a training contract. This is a legal contract which shows that you and your employer have come to an agreement. Some of the things you will have agreed upon include:
- the qualification you are working towards
- how long it will take to complete
- the number of hours in training and employment provided each week
- your obligations to each other
- what to do if you have a problem
- the off-job and on-job training arrangements.
A training plan describes the formal off-job training you will do with a training provider as part of your apprenticeship or traineeship.
What is the training plan?
The training plan will include:
- the core and elective units that you will be doing as part of your qualification
- the training provider who will be delivering the training
- whether training will be delivered on-job or off-job, or a mix of both (under some traineeships the training is done wholly on-job)
- where and when the training will occur (Work Ready, 2017).