Working papers

2020

  1. ILO Working paper 14

    Financing gaps in social protection. Global estimates and strategies for developing countries in light of the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

    21 October 2020

    This paper provides updated regional and global estimates of the costs and financing gaps for targets 1.3 and 3.8 of the SDGs relating to social protection and health care in 2020 and projections of incremental financial needs for reaching universal coverage in 2030.

  2. ILO Working paper 13

    The labour market impact of international trade: Methodological approaches for macro- and meso-level assessments

    20 October 2020

    The paper presents an analysis of methodological approaches commonly used for the empirical assessment of international trade on labour market outcomes at the macro and meso level. It explains how mixed-methods and the use of a broader set of indicators could improve the analysis of qualitative aspects of the labour market related to working conditions.

  3. ILO Working paper 12

    Trade and labour market outcomes: Theory and evidence at the firm and worker levels

    20 October 2020

    This paper surveys the literature on the impact of international trade on firms and workers. It also discusses the challenges for future research and the need for developing new statistical indicators that better reflect the dimensions of decent work.

  4. ILO Working Paper 11

    Digital Labour Platforms and Labour Protection in China

    13 October 2020

    This paper explores the implications of the digital labour platforms for labour regulation in China and the potential applicability of existing laws and regulations to platform work.

  5. ILO Working Paper 9

    Applying labour law to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises: A comparative study of 16 countries

    07 October 2020

    This study considers the ways in which different countries regulate labour rights for MSME workers, its main purpose being to improve understanding of current trends and developments in this area. The 16 countries covered by the study are Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Egypt, Germany, Mexico, Nepal, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Turkey and the United Republic of Tanzania.

  6. Global Initiative on Decent Jobs for Youth

    Growing green: Fostering a green entrepreneurial ecosystem for youth

    21 September 2020

    The research reviews the entrepreneurial ecosystem to assess capacity to foster young green entrepreneurship and to address the social and environmental challenges. The report considers from the perspective of key stakeholders, primarily those providing business development services (BDS) and experts in the field of youth and social entrepreneurship, as well as government representatives and entrepreneurs themselves.

  7. ILO Working Paper 8

    Youth Aspirations and the Future of Work: A Review of the Literature and Evidence

    14 September 2020

    This report was undertaken as part of the ILO Future of Work project and aims to (i) review the literature on the concepts and drivers of aspirations; (ii) develop a conceptual framework that relates labour market conditions to aspirations; (iii) map the existing survey-based evidence on the aspirations of youth worldwide; and (iv) provide insights into how to improve data collection, research and evidence-based policy-making related to young persons aspirations.

  8. Governance and Tripartism Department

    Report on Review of Malaysia’s Labour Dispute Resolution System

    09 September 2020

    This report analyses Malaysia’s labour dispute resolution system, highlighting the interactions between different institutions, their actors, and their regulatory frameworks; and identifies areas for legislative and institutional reform.

  9. Publication

    More and Better Jobs through Socially Responsible Labour and Business Practices in the Electronics Sector of Viet Nam

    21 August 2020

    This report seeks to contribute to the question of how enterprises can generate more and better jobs through socially responsible labour and business practices in the Vietnamese electronics sector, taking into account the evolving transnational production system as Viet Nam is further integrated in the global economy. Electronics has become the largest export-oriented industry in Viet Nam and is primarily led by major multinational enterprises (MNEs) producing in Viet Nam.

  10. Working paper

    What drives CSR? An empirical analysis on the labour dimensions of CSR

    05 August 2020

    Relying on the data provided by an ESG rating agency, this paper aims at bringing more understanding on the diversity of firms’ behaviours in terms of labour related CSR and filling a gap on the potential role of labour market institutions, including workers’ collective rights, to contribute to an effective CSR policy.