Working papers


  1. The regulation of internships: A comparative study

    18 May 2018

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 240

  2. Macroeconomic policy, inclusive growth and productive employment in Uganda

    18 May 2018

    EMPLOYMENT Working Paper No. 244

  3. Back to the Future: Challenges and opportunities for the future of work addressed in ILO sectoral meetings since 2010

    10 May 2018

    This working paper summarises how issues directly related to the future of work have been discussed by ILO constituents in sectoral meetings held since 2010, as further material for reflection by the Global Commission on the Future of Work, as it carries out its important and ambitious programme of work. It has also been prepared to inform and inspire ILO constituents in specific sectors, who in recent years have launched their own debates and exchanges at national, regional and global levels on the future of work.

  4. Women’s and Youth Empowerment in Rural Tunisia - An assessment using the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI)

    01 May 2018

    The “Women’s and Youth Empowerment in Rural Tunisia” study uses, for the first time in the Arab world, the Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) to investigate the topic of gender equality. The study employs a large-scale survey of rural, semi-urban and urban Tunisia to map levels of empowerment among women and young people between the age of 18 and 30. The overall objective of the project is to provide new measurement tools and data to policymakers and organisations to allow them to better design, target, monitor and evaluate initiatives aiming to empower women and young people across Tunisia.

  5. On-call work in the Netherlands: trends, impact, and policy solutions

    23 April 2018

  6. On-call and related forms of casual work in New Zealand and Australia

    23 April 2018

  7. The Future of Work: A Literature Review

    17 April 2018

    An enormous amount of literature has emerged over the last few years in the context of the “Future of Work”. Academics, think tanks and policy makers have fuelled rich discussions about how the future of work might look like and how we can shape it. Indeed, labour markets in developing and developed countries are likely to undergo major transformations in the next years and decades. However, despite a growing body of research in this area, there exists no universally accepted definition of what exactly the “Future of Work” encompasses and what the most relevant drivers are.

  8. The transition in play: Worldwide employment trends in the electricity sector

    17 April 2018

    This paper analyses the employment effects of electricity generation by different sources on a worldwide scale as observed since the year 2000.

  9. The gendered effects of air pollution on labour supply

    17 April 2018

    This paper draws on 20 years of systematic data collection on employment and air pollution to explore the link between air pollution and labour supply.

  10. Exporting, importing and wages in Africa: Evidence from matched employer-employee data

    17 April 2018

    This paper studies wages in exporting and importing firms of the manufacturing sector in Africa, using firm-level data and employer-employee-level data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys.