Working papers

  1. ILO Working paper 21

    Home bounded - Global outreach: Home-based workers in Turkey

    18 December 2020

    This report focuses on industrial home-based pieceworkers and IT-enabled remote workers, who are commonly referred to in Turkey as “freelancers”.

  2. ILO Working Paper 20

    COVID-19, jobs and the future of work in the LDCs: A (disheartening) preliminary account

    15 December 2020

    This paper provides an overview of the evolution of the COVID-19-induced health and labour market crises in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), drawing on a large set of available data and sources. It highlights how the outbreak is affecting jobs and incomes via multiple channels of transmission. It looks at policy responses so far and provides some suggestions for national employment and economic policies, as well as international support to help LDCs on their path to a job-rich recovery and future resilience.

  3. ILO Working Paper 19

    Trends and new developments in employment services to support transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and North Africa Regions

    16 December 2020

    This paper presents the findings of a survey undertaken in selected countries in the Sub Saharan Africa and Middle East and North Africa regions (SSA and MENA) aimed at reviewing the status of employment service provision, challenges and opportunities for their development.

  4. ILO Working paper 18

    More is more. Livelihood interventions and child labor in the agricultural sector

    14 December 2020

    This paper presents the results of two randomized livelihood intervention programmes aimed to reduce child labor, particularly in its most exploitative forms, in rural areas of Peru and the Philippines. It assess whether livelihood support interventions are effective in reducing child labor in rural areas; and whether combining livelihood support with education interventions and awareness-raising components makes the programmes more effective.

  5. ILO Working Paper 17

    Does economic growth deliver jobs? Revisiting Okun’s Law

    25 November 2020

    This paper revisits the relationship between economic growth and employment creation as expressed in Okun’s law by using the latest updated global ILO dataset for new and more detailed estimates.

  6. ILO Working Paper 16

    The Effectiveness of National Social Dialogue Institutions : From Theory to Evidence

    26 November 2020

    This paper analyses the effectiveness of National Social Dialogue Institutions (NSDIs). The study evaluates how and when NSDIs prove less effective than they should in performing their tasks, how to measure such effectiveness, and how to improve their operational capacity and impact.

  7. ILO Working paper 15

    The Transformation of the Mexican Labour Regulation Model and its link to North American Economic Integration

    23 November 2020

    This paper examines the different phases and changes of the Mexican labour regulation model. It analyses the extent to which trade liberalization was pivotal in the recent labour regulation reforms – particularly in the area of freedom of association and collective bargaining –.

  8. ILO Working paper 14

    Financing gaps in social protection

    21 October 2020

    Global estimates and strategies for developing countries in light of the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

  9. ILO Working paper 13

    The labour market impact of international trade: Methodological approaches for macro- and meso-level assessments

    20 October 2020

    The paper presents an analysis of methodological approaches commonly used for the empirical assessment of international trade on labour market outcomes at the macro and meso level. It explains how mixed-methods and the use of a broader set of indicators could improve the analysis of qualitative aspects of the labour market related to working conditions.

  10. ILO Working paper 12

    Trade and labour market outcomes: Theory and evidence at the firm and worker levels

    20 October 2020

    This paper surveys the literature on the impact of international trade on firms and workers. It also discusses the challenges for future research and the need for developing new statistical indicators that better reflect the dimensions of decent work.