ILO's Flagship Programmes

Introduction to the ILO's programme on Jobs for Peace and Resilience

The Programme on Jobs for Peace and Resilience focuses on employment generation, especially for young women and men, in conflict affected and disaster prone countries.


Employment and incomes contribute to tangible peace and resilience dividends for people affected by crisis. They  offer opportunities for enjoying freedom and security, ensure dignity, and provide a stake in the reconciliation, restoration and rebuilding of communities. 

The Jobs for Peace and Resilience (JPR) flagship programme adopts a strategic approach that aims to contribute to more peaceful and resilient societies through employment, decent work and social dialogue. Guided by ILO’s Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation (No. 205), the JPR introduces tangible actions through a phased multi-track approach which brings together relevant employment and local economic development measures in a coherent, comprehensive, and context-specific manner.

The JPR addresses root causes of economic, social and environmental vulnerability to help countries break the vicious cycle of conflicts and disasters. It does so by providing opportunities to access employment and generate decent income with adequate protection of labour rights, which in turn contributes to reducing tensions, facilitates social cohesion and builds resilience to future shocks.

An integrated local resource-based approach

Guided by rapid but rigorous assessments, the JPR combines demand and supply side measures for effective employment policies within the framework of the decent work agenda. It provides an integrated and local-resource based approach with strategic prioritization and sequencing, focusing on the following key components:
  • Local economic development and entrepreneurship to create job opportunities
  • Skills development to enhance employability and facilitate labour market transitions
  • Employment-intensive investments to support immediate job creation and income support
  • Employment services to create bridges between job seekers and employment opportunities
Peacebuilding is an integral objective of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the JPR. For that purpose, the programme aims to facilitate structural transformation of the economy for sustainable development with decent work.

Promoting capacity for rights-based, inclusive labour market governance

Changes in capacities and practices of local stakeholders play a key role in the formulation and implementation of employment initiatives. The JPR puts first constituents’ needs and priorities, which are discussed with relevant stakeholders. During the implementation phase, the JPR’s components are primarily channelled through national and local institutions. This ensures local ownership, sustainability and builds capacity for the promotion of a policy framework conducive to productive and sustained employment and decent work.
The JPR pursues an upstream-downstream approach, where delivering quick and tangible benefits in terms of job creation, skills development, and enabling business environment promotes inclusive growth and decent work, which are essential for sustaining peace and resilience in fragile situations.

Enhancing synergies with other flagship programmes and strategic partners

The implementation of JPR programmes in fragile, disaster- or conflict-affected situations is closely coordinated with other ILO flagship programme activities, including in the crucial areas of social protection, child labour and occupational safety and health. Strategic partnerships and strong coordination with relevant United Nations agencies, other international organizations and national and bilateral partners are also critical elements of the JPR. 

JPR’s work to date

Since 2017, the ILO has launched several development cooperation programmes in conflict affected countries, including in response to major refugee crises, and has initiated the JPR in six countries: Central African Republic, Comoros, Myanmar, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Sri Lanka.