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Bangladesh > Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws

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Country: Bangladesh - Subject: Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws

  1. Bangladesh - Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws - Law, Act

    Environment Court Act, 2000 (Act No. 11 of 2000). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 2000-04-10 | BGD-2000-L-87959

    The Act includes the following:1. Short title 2. Definitions 3. Overriding effect of the Act 4. Establishment of Environment Courts 5. Jurisdiction of Environment Court 5A. Penalty for violating court's order 5B. Trial of certain offences by Special Magistrates 5C. Trial procedure in Special Magistrate's Court 6. Power of entry, search, etc. 7. Procedure for investigation 7A. Assistance from law enforcing agencies and other authorities 8. Procedure and power of Environment Court 9. Conversion of fines to compensation 10. Authority of Environment Court to inspect 11. Appeal 12. Environment Appeal Court 12A. Transfer of cases 13. Pending cases 13A. Jurisdiction of Environment Court over offences etc. committed earlier 14. Power to make rules.
    An Environment Court and an Environment Appeal Court are instituted under this Act and Judges appointed: the Courts shall rule trials under environmental laws and condemn violators of those very laws. Special Magistrates may be appointed for particular trials, power of investigation and inspection shall be accorded to inspectors in order to gather useful evidences.

  2. Bangladesh - Environmental, Climate and Sustainable Development Laws - Law, Act

    Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995. (Act No. 1 of 1995). - Legislation on-line

    Adoption: 1995-02-10 | BGD-1995-L-87960

    The Act includes the following:1. Short title and commencement 2. Definitions 2A. Overriding effect of the Act 3. Department of Environment 4. Power and functions of the Director General 4A. Assistance from law enforcing agencies and other authorities 5. Declaration of ecologically critical area 6. Restrictions regarding vehicles emitting smoke injurious to environment 6A. Restrictions on manufacture, sale etc. of articles injurious to environment 7. Remedial measures for injury to ecosystem 8. Information to the Director General regarding environmental degradation or pollution 9. Discharge of excessive environmental pollutant etc. 10. Power of entry etc. 11. Power to collect samples etc. 12. Environmental clearance 13. Formulation of environmental guidelines 14. Appeal 15. Penalties 15A. Confiscation of materials and equipments involved in offence 15A. Claim for compensation 16. Offences committed by companies 17. Cognizance of offence and claim for compensation 18. Action taken in good faith 19. Delegation of Power 20. Power to make rules 21. Repeal and saving
    The Department of Environment is instituted as per section 3 of this Act and a Director General appointed to lead it. All the provisions are directed to protect the environment by any polluting , be it a solid, liquid, gaseous, or noise, heat and radiation. Rules are indicated in order to avoid any environmental damage when dealing with hazardous substances. By notification in the Official Gazette, an area could be declared ecologically critical area and restrictions applied to the discharge of pollutants in the air, water, land, sea and so on. Inspections on premises ,suspected of polluting the ecosystem, could be ordered and seizure of equipment, materials and samples of polluted resources seized upon. An Environmental Clearance Certificate from the Director General must be issued before initiating any commercial or industrial activity and environmental guidelines provided and largely distributed and enforced in order to prevent ecological disasters.

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