Surveying employment practices and working conditions in Thailand's fishing sector
- Responsible Organisations: International Labour Organization (ILO) (International Organisation); Asian Research Center for Migration at Chulalongkorn University (Civil society)
- ILO Regions: Asia and the Pacific
- Country(ies): Thailand
- Thematic areas: Evidence-based policy making
- MLFLM: 3.
- Sectors: Agriculture and fishing
With the objective of strengthening the knowledge base on conditions in Thailand's commercial fishing sector, the ILO's Australian Government-funded project on 'Tripartite Action to Protect the Rights of Migrant Workers within and from the Greater Mekong Subregion' (GMS TRIANGLE) partnered with the Asian Research Center for Migration at Chulalongkorn University's Institute of Asian Studies to conduct a large-scale survey of employment practices and working conditions in four major port areas of Thailand. The survey was conducted among a stratified sample of almost 600 fishers employed on Thai fishing boats in national and international waters. The results were supplemented and triangulated with qualitative and quantitative data collected from interviews with key informants, focus group discussions, and secondary sources. Carried out in close consultation with the Ministry of Labour, the Department of Fisheries, the National Fisheries Association of Thailand, the Thailand Overseas Fishing Association, and other relevant government and civil society stakeholders, the study benefited greatly from the strong support of ILO's tripartite constituents. The results of the study, which was published in 2013, provide important indications regarding recruitment methods in the fishing sector, fishers' conditions of work, and patterns of exploitation and abuse. Drawing on the study's findings, the TRIANGLE project called for improved wage protection, written contracts, OSH protection and other measures during the consultations to revise the Ministerial Regulation on the Protection of Fishers, adopted in December 2014.