Product/service offer: Skills development and TVET

Presentation | 10 March 2021

The challenge

Despite considerable efforts to reform their technical vocational education and training (TVET) systems, Central and Eastern European countries still face significant challenges in skilling their workforce in line with the needs of the labour market. Skills mismatches are prevalent and employers face difficulties in finding adequately skilled staff. This adversely affects productivity and wages, further spurring the already high levels of migration.

At the same time, large parts of the population cannot realise their full potential and make use of their capacities. An average of 23 percent (2019) of the youth in the sub-region is neither in employment, nor in education or training (NEETs). To keep up with technological advances, older workers are in need of re-skilling, upskilling and skills recognition. Gender stereotypes still strongly influence career choices and professional development. The urban-rural divide, disability and ethnicity also affect educational inequality. The COVID-19 pandemic has further exacerbated these challenges. Economic recovery and Building Back Better will also depend on countries making the right investment in people’s skills and capabilities.

Main interventions offered

ILO supports countries in Central and Eastern Europe in five main areas:
  1. Skills needs anticipation and skills matching: ILO applies a compendium of tested tools for developing skills forecasting.
  2. Sectoral skills-strategies for growth industries: The ILO Skills for Trade and Economic Diversification (STED) methodology  identifies skills needed for boosting productivity and competitiveness in a certain industry.
  3. Lifelong-learning: ILO assists in developing policies for Lifelong-learning (LLL), including governance, financing, inclusiveness, and the recognition of prior learning.
  4. Digitalisation of TVET: ILO supports the introduction of quality E-learning and blended learning in TVET.
  5. Skills for a green economy: ILO provides support to Member States in developing skills for green jobs.

Contact: Alessandra Molz, Senior Specialist, Skills Development and Employability through