Estonia resources

  1. © AFP/Europress 2024

    ITUC Global Rights Index for 2021 shows that COVID-19 impacted workers’ rights in Central and Eastern Europe

    10 August 2021

    The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) has released its yearly Global Rights Index for 2021. The report shows that the COVID-19 pandemic led to an increase in violations of workers’ rights across the globe. In Europe, the most frequently violated rights have been the rights to strike, to go for collective bargaining, and to establish and join a trade union. For Central and Eastern Europe, the index shows a mixed picture. While some countries increased workers’ access to rights, other countries moved in the opposite direction.

  2. © ILO 2024

    Meet the Specialists: Kenichi Hirose, Social protection

    03 August 2021

    Ken Hirose, Senior Technical Specialist for Social protection, Occupational Safety and Health, and Labour inspection shares how he assists ILO partners and constituents in improving the quality of work and safety of workers in Central and Eastern Europe. The challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic at workplaces made ILO services in these areas sought after. In the post-pandemic period, extending social protection coverage to workers in non-standard forms of employment (part-time, undeclared, platform etc) will be a priority.

  3. Meet the Specialists: Iulia Drumea, Employers' organizations

    16 July 2021

    Iulia Drumea, Employers' Organizations Specialist explains how she supports ILO work with Employers organizations in Central and Eastern Europe. Employers organizations work to create a business-friendly environment for their members. The ILO service offer focuses on recommendations Employers can use to influence national policies and regulations on entreprises; assistance to develop better services to members; and advising Employers on how to improve performance and grow their membership.

  4. Meet the Specialists: Daniela Zampini, Employment creation

    14 June 2021

    Daniela Zampini, the Employment Specialist of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe explains what she does to create more and better jobs, how she works with governments, employers, workers, civil society organizations or municipalities, and what achievements she is most proud of. In 2020, due to COVID-19 related lockdowns, confinements, and other restrictions, CEE countries lost on average 8 per cent of their total working hours. Daniela explains how the ILO responded to the crisis.

  5. Meet the Specialists: Magnus Berge, Workers organizations

    14 June 2021

    Magnus Berge, Senior Specialist for Workers' Organizations explains how he supports ILO work with Trade Unions in Central and Eastern Europe. He promotes Trade Unions so that they can work more effectively to improve working conditions of workers and to protect workers' rights across the region. He advises Trade Unions when their rights are violated. ILO work with Workers organizations focuses on four areas: 1) helping Trade Unions modernize their operations and structures, 2) improve their service delivery to members, 3) helping them to communicate better about laws, workers' rights and services available for them, and 4) helping to draft good policy proposals on labour laws based on International Labour Standards.

  6. © AFP/Europress 2024

    Combatting informal employment goes digital: What can we learn from the Estonian experience?

    03 June 2021

    High rates of informal employment remain a challenge in most of Eastern Europe and range between 20% for Ukraine and 56% for Albania. The large informal economy reduces tax revenues, leads to unfair competition and negatively affects the quality of jobs. A considerable share of the workforce has no access to labour rights and social security. A new ILO publication analyses how Estonia used modern information technology to promote the transition to formality.

  7. © iStock 2024

    New challenges for TVET and skills development - what do you want to learn today?

    30 April 2021

    The importance of learning new skills has never been as evident as in the last year. Almost overnight, all of the global workforce had to admit they faced challenges with their digital skills. We had to switch to new ways of managing work and doing business, of participating in learning and delivering education and training to young people and adults alike. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education and skills development systems has been profound. Teachers, coordinators and policy makers discovered the challenges, but also the opportunities of applying digital learning technologies.

  8. © iStock 2024

    Why Trade Unions should act on Skills Development – and how?

    19 February 2021

    To build a ‘better normal’ in the post-COVID-19 world of work, skills development and lifelong learning need to be part of economic transformation. This responsibility should not reside with governments and companies alone. Trade Unions have an important role to play in shaping the professional development of workers at any age. A new, easy-to-use ILO Resource Guide illustrates how Trade Unions can engage more effectively in skills development policies and practices.

  9. © AFP 2024

    ITUC Global Rights Index 2020 shows workers’ rights violations occur too often in Central and Eastern Europe

    24 June 2020

    The International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) released its yearly Global Rights Index in June 2020. This year, the report affirms that the violations of workers’ rights is increasing globally, and is the highest in seven years. For Central and Eastern Europe the ratings indicate that the situation is more stable than globally, but many workers in the region still lack access to rights.

  10. COVID-19 and the world of work: What are the responses of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe?

    14 February 2020

    Central and Eastern Europe managed the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic (spring 2020) relatively well, but the region was heavily hit by the second and third wave in the fall/winter of 2020/21. The lockdowns and the global economic recession led to a steep economic decline in 2020. ILO estimates show that the crisis caused a strong reduction in economic activity and working time. Eastern Europe lost on average 8 per cent of all hours worked. This is equivalent to 10 Mio full-time jobs. Two thirds of these jobs were preserved as firms resorted to reduced working hours while the remaining one third of jobs were lost. The ILO figures for Western Balkan economies look very similar and report a loss of 8 per cent of hours worked (equivalent to around 560,000 employment losses). Forecasts say that GDP will reach its pre pandemic level by the end of 2021 or in 2022. However, uncertainty is high as these predictions assume that the region achieves a high vaccination rate and will not face more waves of the pandemic. Experience from other economic crisis shows that the labour market will only react to the economic recovery with a time lag.