Estonia resources

  1. Meet the Technical Specialist: Magnus Berge, Workers' organisations

    12 March 2024

    Magnus Berge, Technical Specialist of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe explains how the ILO assist trade unions so that they can promote better working conditions and rights for workers in the sub-region.

  2. Analysis of care system expansion in post-Socialist EU Member States: lessons learned and good practices for Ukraine

    29 January 2024

    The study presents an overview of alternative early childhood education and care (ECEC) models that have proven successful in the post-Socialist EU Member States and an analysis of which models could fit in the Ukrainian policy and societal contexts.

  3. © AFP/Hristo Vladev 2024

    Workers’ rights in Europe in decline, says ITUC Global Rights Index 2023

    10 July 2023

    In July 2023, the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) released its 10th Global Rights Index. The report paints a grim picture of workers’ rights around the globe. According to ITUC, Europe is no longer a bastion of workers’ rights.

  4. © Ioana Horodnic 2024

    What are the proven means to reduce informality?

    09 February 2023

    In our series of interviews with leading researchers, economists and policymakers, we interviewed Professor Ioana Alexandra Horodnic, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University of Iași, Romania on how informality (including “envelope wages”) affects workers and society, and what measures work best in reducing it.

  5. © AFP/Europress 2024

    ITUC Global Rights Index 2022 shows that many workers in Central and Eastern Europe have no access to rights

    19 July 2022

    In July 2022, the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) released its yearly Global Rights Index. It shows that in Europe, the most frequently violated rights have been the right to strike and the right to bargain collectively. Through ratifications of ILO Conventions, governments of Central and Eastern Europe made obligations to implement workers’ rights. In reality, many workers face obstacles in accessing their rights.

  6. © Dezernat Zukunft 2024

    Three essential questions: Interview with Pola Schneemelcher, Project Manager at Institute for Macrofinance, Berlin, Germany

    25 February 2022

    We interviewed Pola Schneemelcher, Project Manager in the area of labor market and fiscal policy at the think tank Dezernat Zukunft – Institute for Macrofinance. She shared her insights on how youth labour markets in the European Union were impacted by the pandemic, what measures she has seen and whether governments can afford these measures or not. The Dezernat Zukunft is a non-partisan think tank aiming at rethinking and explaining monetary, financial, and economic policy in a comprehensible way.

  7. Three essential questions to Aleksandar Ristovski, Professor of Labour Law, Skopje

    21 September 2021

    In the third issue of short interviews with important researchers and practitioners from Central and Eastern Europe on burning questions concerning labour and social policies, we talked to Aleksandar Ristovski, Professor of Labour Law at ‘Ss. Cyril and Methodius’ University in Skopje, North Macedonia. We asked him about the restriction of labour rights following the COVID-19 crisis, particularly those of the most vulnerable, and about how to guarantee labour rights as we are building back better.

  8. © European Women's Lobby 2024

    Three Essential Questions: Interview with Réka Sáfrány, President of European Women's Lobby

    15 September 2021

    This is the second issue of short interviews with important researchers and practitioners from Central and Eastern Europe on burning questions concerning labour and social policies. The interviewee this time is Réka Sáfrány, newly elected President of the European Women's Lobby. We asked her about women's labour participation in the region, why the pandemic hit women disproportionally and the most vulnerable within this group of workers.

  9. MEET THE DIRECTOR: What has been the impact of the pandemic in the region?

    15 September 2021

    Markus Pilgrim, Director of the ILO Office for Central and Eastern Europe talks about the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on labour markets in the region, what the ILO has done to mitigate the impact and what the emerging trends are in employment. The pandemic led to a severe economic recession in the region, with about 8% of working hours lost in 2020, an equivalent of 10 million jobs. These losses translated into an increase in inactivity, many people dropping out of the labour market. The ILO CEE Office started to collect solid evidence on the impact of the pandemic in spring 2020, and produced assessment reports in four Western Balkan countries, which led to several policy changes in these countries. In addition, the office designed job and income protection measures, such as a cash transfer project for dismissed Albanian textile workers. The next big thing is the ongoing technological transformation, fair transition towards a digital and green economy, which means a major shift from traditional to new sectors and re-skilling.

  10. MEET THE SPECIALISTS: Alessandra Molz, Skills

    16 August 2021

    Alessandra Molz, ILO Skills Specialist explains how she assists governments, worker and employer organizations in developing quality vocational education and training for young people, and lifelong learning opportunities for adult workers in Central and Eastern Europe. Her work includes skills needs anticipation, identifying skills mismatches, development of new methodologies, such as e-Learning and blended learning, and building bridges between employers and workers, or employers and education. The world of work is changing, young people and adults equally need new skills that prepare them for the future of work.