ILO in Mongolia

  • About the ILO in Mongolia

    Mongolia is a landlocked developing country with population of little over three million. It is located in central Asia bordering with the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China. It has a democratic society with a market economy, with annual growth of GDP in average 8 percent until 2012, though experiencing a slowdown in recent years. Mining and agriculture plays an important role in the economy, yet there is a need for economic diversification for generation of decent employment for its young people (15-34 years old), which constitutes almost one third of the population. Although the literacy rate is high, there is a need for development of occupational skills required at the labour market.

    Mongolia has a unique traditional culture and nomadic, herding lifestyle.

  • © ILO/Byamba-Ochir B. 2012

    National Plan of Action for Decent Work (NPA-DW)

    In 2005, the Government of Mongolia, the Confederation of Mongolian Trade Unions (CMTU) and the Mongolian Employers' Federation (MONEF) adopted a National Plan of Action for Decent Work (NPA-DW) . It was among the first countries in Asia to do so. Having completed implementation of NPA-DW (2005-2009), the constituents are in the process of formulating the NPA-DW for 2010-2015. In accordance with this plan, the ILO provides technical assistance and advice relating to employment creation, human resource development, social protection, social dialogue and the promotion of fundamental principles and rights at work.

  • © ILO/Byamba-Ochir B. 2012

    Ratifications for Mongolia

    Mongolia has been a member of ILO since 1968 and actively participates in its activities. Mongolia has ratified 15 ILO Conventions including the 8 fundamental Conventions. In addition to staff based locally, ILO work in the country is supported by international experts from the ILO Country Office for China and Mongolia, as well as from Bangkok and Geneva.

COVID-19 responses

  1. Policy responses in Mongolia


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    ILO Mongolia

  2. © ILO/ Byamba-ochir Byambasuren

    Caring for horses is a Mongolian tradition.

    Browse our photos from Mongolia

    Working lives in Mongolia