Rural roads are the last link of the transport network, however, they often form the most important link in terms of providing access for the rural population. The permanent or seasonal absence of road access can act as a constraining factor in terms of providing rural communities with services such as education, primary health case, water supply, local markets
as well as economic opportunities. The availability of such services and opportunities are only sustained when the rural road network is maintained at certain operational standards that
provides the regular and efficient transport access required throughout the year.