Training of tripartite constituents in 2016 on evidence-based minimum wage fixing

The second flagship training activity of the LSGSC project was conducted in Cambodia in July 2016. The training occurred over two full days, an increase from the single day training sessions conducted in 2015.

Six training courses on social and economic criteria for minimum wage setting and adjustment in Cambodia were delivered to tripartite constituents (government, union and employer representatives). Over 150 tripartite representatives/members of the garment and footwear sector in Cambodia participated in these sessions, 89% of whom were union representatives. The training was aimed particularly at worker and employer representatives in Cambodia’s garment and footwear sector, but also included union representatives outside this sector.


Cambodia’s garment and footwear sector has been the backbone of the economy over the past two decades, earning billions of dollars of foreign exchange, employing hundreds of thousands of workers - 86 per cent of whom are female - and has played an important role in alleviating poverty in Cambodia. The sector’s value added represented 11 per cent of the economy and it contributed nearly two percentage points of the country’s 7.0 per cent GDP growth in 2015.

Cambodia’s minimum wage was introduced in 1997 in its garment and footwear sector. The minimum wage was adjusted from time to time. Annual reviews of the minimum wage have been observed since 2014. Government, employer and union representatives are each playing an important role in this process. To support the minimum wage adjustment process, the ILO provides technical training and capacity building towards all tripartite representatives, as well as information pertaining to the social and economic factors used to adjust the minimum wage.

Objective and expected outputs:

The objective of the training was to strengthen the technical capacity and knowledge of tripartite constituents on minimum wage setting. In addition, technical and cross-country information were provided to participants to broaden their knowledge on the development and challenges of the garment and footwear sector. The training is designed in a way to help participants to enable to calculate some indicators so that it could help them to assess the performance of the industry.

The training successfully improved the technical capacity of participants, but further training is needed. The project intends to continue to engage with the tripartite constituents in 2017 by focusing on institutional capacity building.