Funding mechanism: Programme Acceleration Fund (PAF), UNAIDS
Project budget: 68,600 USD
- To support operational research to generate strategic information on spousal transmission and barriers to women's access to HIV services; and
- To support local partners to implement advocacy campaigns for women’s and girls' rights.
In recent years, China has experienced a significant shift in the main mode of HIV transmission from injecting drug use to sexual transmission. Among the 740,000 infections reported in 2009, 59 per cent were attributed to sexual transmission – and 44 per cent to heterosexual transmission. The proportion of women infected has also doubled between 1998 (15.3 per cent) and 2009 (30.5 per cent), thus highlighting the urgent need to identify the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women and girls.
In early 2010, the UN Joint Programme on AIDS in China developed a country roll-out plan in line with the UNAIDS Action Framework Addressing women, girls, gender equality and HIV. This project addresses three of the five strategies laid out in the country roll-out plan (strategies 1, 3 and 5).
Key activities include:
- Conducting operational research to assess gender-related constraints and unequal access of women and girls to prevention services and antiretroviral treatment (ART);
- Providing technical support to design and implement research on the patterns of heterosexual transmission in priority provinces as well as disseminating, dialoguing for consensus and developing strategies to prevent spousal transmission in six provinces;
- Developing a communication strategy for a “Know Your Rights” campaign; and
- Developing and implementing a joint workplan with the NGO All China Women’s Federation (ACWF).